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PHP / array_sum — DevDocs

array_sum

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

array_sum Calculate the sum of values in an array

Description

array_sum(array $array): int|float

array_sum() returns the sum of values in an array.

Parameters

array

The input array.

Return Values

Returns the sum of values as an integer or float; 0 if the array is empty.

Examples

Example #1 array_sum() examples

<?php
$a = array(2, 4, 6, 8);
echo "sum(a) = " . array_sum($a) . "\n";

$b = array("a" => 1.2, "b" => 2.3, "c" => 3.4);
echo "sum(b) = " . array_sum($b) . "\n";
?>

The above example will output:

sum(a) = 20
sum(b) = 6.9
PHP / array_udiff — DevDocs

array_udiff

(PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

array_udiff Computes the difference of arrays by using a callback function for data comparison

Description

array_udiff(array $array, array ...$arrays, callable $value_compare_func): array

Computes the difference of arrays by using a callback function for data comparison. This is unlike array_diff() which uses an internal function for comparing the data.

Parameters

array

The first array.

arrays

Arrays to compare against.

value_compare_func

The callback comparison function.

The comparison function must return an integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero if the first argument is considered to be respectively less than, equal to, or greater than the second.

callback(mixed $a, mixed $b): int

Return Values

Returns an array containing all the values of array that are not present in any of the other arguments.

Examples

Example #1 array_udiff() example using stdClass Objects

<?php
// Arrays to compare
$array1 = array(new stdclass, new stdclass,
                new stdclass, new stdclass,
               );

$array2 = array(
                new stdclass, new stdclass,
               );

// Set some properties for each object
$array1[0]->width = 11; $array1[0]->height = 3;
$array1[1]->width = 7;  $array1[1]->height = 1;
$array1[2]->width = 2;  $array1[2]->height = 9;
$array1[3]->width = 5;  $array1[3]->height = 7;

$array2[0]->width = 7;  $array2[0]->height = 5;
$array2[1]->width = 9;  $array2[1]->height = 2;

function compare_by_area($a, $b) {
    $areaA = $a->width * $a->height;
    $areaB = $b->width * $b->height;
    
    if ($areaA < $areaB) {
        return -1;
    } elseif ($areaA > $areaB) {
        return 1;
    } else {
        return 0;
    }
}

print_r(array_udiff($array1, $array2, 'compare_by_area'));
?>

The above example will output:

Array
(
    [0] => stdClass Object
        (
            [width] => 11
            [height] => 3
        )

    [1] => stdClass Object
        (
            [width] => 7
            [height] => 1
        )

)

Example #2 array_udiff() example using DateTime Objects

<?php
class MyCalendar {
    public $free = array();
    public $booked = array();

    public function __construct($week = 'now') {
        $start = new DateTime($week);
        $start->modify('Monday this week midnight');
        $end = clone $start;
        $end->modify('Friday this week midnight');
        $interval = new DateInterval('P1D');
        foreach (new DatePeriod($start, $interval, $end) as $freeTime) {
            $this->free[] = $freeTime;
        }
    }

    public function bookAppointment(DateTime $date, $note) {
        $this->booked[] = array('date' => $date->modify('midnight'), 'note' => $note);
    }

    public function checkAvailability() {
        return array_udiff($this->free, $this->booked, array($this, 'customCompare'));
    }
    
    public function customCompare($free, $booked) {
        if (is_array($free)) $a = $free['date'];
        else $a = $free;
        if (is_array($booked)) $b = $booked['date'];
        else $b = $booked;
        if ($a == $b) {
            return 0;
        } elseif ($a > $b) {
            return 1;
        } else {
            return -1;
        }
    }
}

// Create a calendar for weekly appointments
$myCalendar = new MyCalendar;

// Book some appointments for this week
$myCalendar->bookAppointment(new DateTime('Monday this week'), "Cleaning GoogleGuy's apartment.");
$myCalendar->bookAppointment(new DateTime('Wednesday this week'), "Going on a snowboarding trip.");
$myCalendar->bookAppointment(new DateTime('Friday this week'), "Fixing buggy code.");

// Check availability of days by comparing $booked dates against $free dates
echo "I'm available on the following days this week...\n\n";
foreach ($myCalendar->checkAvailability() as $free) {
    echo $free->format('l'), "\n"; 
}
echo "\n\n";
echo "I'm busy on the following days this week...\n\n";
foreach ($myCalendar->booked as $booked) {
    echo $booked['date']->format('l'), ": ", $booked['note'], "\n"; 
}
?>

The above example will output:

I'm available on the following days this week...

Tuesday
Thursday


I'm busy on the following days this week...

Monday: Cleaning GoogleGuy's apartment.
Wednesday: Going on a snowboarding trip.
Friday: Fixing buggy code.

Notes

Note : Please note that this function only checks one dimension of a n-dimensional array. Of course you can check deeper dimensions by using array_udiff($array1[0], $array2[0], "data_compare_func"); .

See Also

  • array_diff() - Computes the difference of arrays
  • array_diff_assoc() - Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check
  • array_diff_uassoc() - Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check which is performed by a user supplied callback function
  • array_udiff_assoc() - Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check, compares data by a callback function
  • array_udiff_uassoc() - Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check, compares data and indexes by a callback function
  • array_intersect() - Computes the intersection of arrays
  • array_intersect_assoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check
  • array_uintersect() - Computes the intersection of arrays, compares data by a callback function
  • array_uintersect_assoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check, compares data by a callback function
  • array_uintersect_uassoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check, compares data and indexes by separate callback functions
Read article
PHP / array_udiff_assoc — DevDocs

array_udiff_assoc

(PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

array_udiff_assoc Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check, compares data by a callback function

Description

array_udiff_assoc(array $array, array ...$arrays, callable $value_compare_func): array

Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check, compares data by a callback function.

Note : Please note that this function only checks one dimension of a n-dimensional array. Of course you can check deeper dimensions by using, for example, array_udiff_assoc($array1[0], $array2[0], "some_comparison_func"); .

Parameters

array

The first array.

arrays

Arrays to compare against.

value_compare_func

The comparison function must return an integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero if the first argument is considered to be respectively less than, equal to, or greater than the second.

callback(mixed $a, mixed $b): int

Return Values

array_udiff_assoc() returns an array containing all the values from array that are not present in any of the other arguments. Note that the keys are used in the comparison unlike array_diff() and array_udiff() . The comparison of arrays' data is performed by using an user-supplied callback. In this aspect the behaviour is opposite to the behaviour of array_diff_assoc() which uses internal function for comparison.

Examples

Example #1 array_udiff_assoc() example

<?php
class cr {
    private $priv_member;
    function __construct($val)
    {
        $this->priv_member = $val;
    }

    static function comp_func_cr($a, $b)
    {
        if ($a->priv_member === $b->priv_member) return 0;
        return ($a->priv_member > $b->priv_member)? 1:-1;
    }
}

$a = array("0.1" => new cr(9), "0.5" => new cr(12), 0 => new cr(23), 1=> new cr(4), 2 => new cr(-15),);
$b = array("0.2" => new cr(9), "0.5" => new cr(22), 0 => new cr(3), 1=> new cr(4), 2 => new cr(-15),);

$result = array_udiff_assoc($a, $b, array("cr", "comp_func_cr"));
print_r($result);
?>

The above example will output:

Array
(
    [0.1] => cr Object
        (
            [priv_member:private] => 9
        )

    [0.5] => cr Object
        (
            [priv_member:private] => 12
        )

    [0] => cr Object
        (
            [priv_member:private] => 23
        )
)

In our example above you see the "1" => new cr(4) pair is present in both arrays and thus it is not in the output from the function.

See Also

  • array_diff() - Computes the difference of arrays
  • array_diff_assoc() - Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check
  • array_diff_uassoc() - Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check which is performed by a user supplied callback function
  • array_udiff() - Computes the difference of arrays by using a callback function for data comparison
  • array_udiff_uassoc() - Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check, compares data and indexes by a callback function
  • array_intersect() - Computes the intersection of arrays
  • array_intersect_assoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check
  • array_uintersect() - Computes the intersection of arrays, compares data by a callback function
  • array_uintersect_assoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check, compares data by a callback function
  • array_uintersect_uassoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check, compares data and indexes by separate callback functions
Read article
PHP / array_udiff_uassoc — DevDocs

array_udiff_uassoc

(PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

array_udiff_uassoc Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check, compares data and indexes by a callback function

Description

array_udiff_uassoc(
 array $array,
 array ...$arrays,
 callable $value_compare_func,
 callable $key_compare_func
): array

Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check, compares data and indexes by a callback function.

Note that the keys are used in the comparison unlike array_diff() and array_udiff() .

Parameters

array

The first array.

arrays

Arrays to compare against.

value_compare_func

The comparison function must return an integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero if the first argument is considered to be respectively less than, equal to, or greater than the second.

callback(mixed $a, mixed $b): int
key_compare_func

The comparison of keys (indices) is done also by the callback function key_compare_func . This behaviour is unlike what array_udiff_assoc() does, since the latter compares the indices by using an internal function.

Return Values

Returns an array containing all the values from array that are not present in any of the other arguments.

Examples

Example #1 array_udiff_uassoc() example

<?php
class cr {
    private $priv_member;
    function __construct($val)
    {
        $this->priv_member = $val;
    }

    static function comp_func_cr($a, $b)
    {
        if ($a->priv_member === $b->priv_member) return 0;
        return ($a->priv_member > $b->priv_member)? 1:-1;
    }

    static function comp_func_key($a, $b)
    {
        if ($a === $b) return 0;
        return ($a > $b)? 1:-1;
    }
}
$a = array("0.1" => new cr(9), "0.5" => new cr(12), 0 => new cr(23), 1=> new cr(4), 2 => new cr(-15),);
$b = array("0.2" => new cr(9), "0.5" => new cr(22), 0 => new cr(3), 1=> new cr(4), 2 => new cr(-15),);

$result = array_udiff_uassoc($a, $b, array("cr", "comp_func_cr"), array("cr", "comp_func_key"));
print_r($result);
?>

The above example will output:

Array
(
    [0.1] => cr Object
        (
            [priv_member:private] => 9
        )

    [0.5] => cr Object
        (
            [priv_member:private] => 12
        )

    [0] => cr Object
        (
            [priv_member:private] => 23
        )
)

In our example above you see the "1" => new cr(4) pair is present in both arrays and thus it is not in the output from the function. Keep in mind that you have to supply 2 callback functions.

Notes

Note : Please note that this function only checks one dimension of a n-dimensional array. Of course you can check deeper dimensions by using, for example, array_udiff_uassoc($array1[0], $array2[0], "data_compare_func", "key_compare_func"); .

See Also

  • array_diff() - Computes the difference of arrays
  • array_diff_assoc() - Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check
  • array_udiff() - Computes the difference of arrays by using a callback function for data comparison
  • array_udiff_assoc() - Computes the difference of arrays with additional index check, compares data by a callback function
  • array_intersect() - Computes the intersection of arrays
  • array_intersect_assoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check
  • array_uintersect() - Computes the intersection of arrays, compares data by a callback function
  • array_uintersect_assoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check, compares data by a callback function
  • array_uintersect_uassoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check, compares data and indexes by separate callback functions
Read article
PHP / array_uintersect — DevDocs

array_uintersect

(PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

array_uintersect Computes the intersection of arrays, compares data by a callback function

Description

array_uintersect(array $array, array ...$arrays, callable $value_compare_func): array

Computes the intersection of arrays, compares data by a callback function.

Parameters

array

The first array.

arrays

Arrays to compare against.

value_compare_func

The comparison function must return an integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero if the first argument is considered to be respectively less than, equal to, or greater than the second.

callback(mixed $a, mixed $b): int

Return Values

Returns an array containing all the values of array that are present in all the arguments.

Examples

Example #1 array_uintersect() example

<?php
$array1 = array("a" => "green", "b" => "brown", "c" => "blue", "red");
$array2 = array("a" => "GREEN", "B" => "brown", "yellow", "red");

print_r(array_uintersect($array1, $array2, "strcasecmp"));
?>

The above example will output:

Array
(
    [a] => green
    [b] => brown
    [0] => red
)

See Also

  • array_intersect() - Computes the intersection of arrays
  • array_intersect_assoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check
  • array_uintersect_assoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check, compares data by a callback function
  • array_uintersect_uassoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check, compares data and indexes by separate callback functions
Read article
PHP / array_uintersect_assoc — DevDocs

array_uintersect_assoc

(PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

array_uintersect_assoc Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check, compares data by a callback function

Description

array_uintersect_assoc(array $array, array ...$arrays, callable $value_compare_func): array

Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check, compares data by a callback function.

Note that the keys are used in the comparison unlike in array_uintersect() . The data is compared by using a callback function.

Parameters

array

The first array.

arrays

Arrays to compare against.

value_compare_func

The comparison function must return an integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero if the first argument is considered to be respectively less than, equal to, or greater than the second.

callback(mixed $a, mixed $b): int

Return Values

Returns an array containing all the values of array that are present in all the arguments.

Examples

Example #1 array_uintersect_assoc() example

<?php
$array1 = array("a" => "green", "b" => "brown", "c" => "blue", "red");
$array2 = array("a" => "GREEN", "B" => "brown", "yellow", "red");

print_r(array_uintersect_assoc($array1, $array2, "strcasecmp"));
?>

The above example will output:

Array
(
    [a] => green
)

See Also

  • array_uintersect() - Computes the intersection of arrays, compares data by a callback function
  • array_intersect_assoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check
  • array_intersect_uassoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check, compares indexes by a callback function
  • array_uintersect_uassoc() - Computes the intersection of arrays with additional index check, compares data and indexes by separate callback functions
Read article

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